In Greek mythology, the story of Narcissus is a lesson regarding the dangers of unrequited love, arrogance and vanity.
As the story goes, Narcissus was a young hunter from Thespiae of central Greece. He was celebrated throughout all of Greece as the most beautiful of all the men. He was desired by many—male and female alike.
However, being a narcissist, Narcissus was incapable of loving anyone but himself. In his eyes, no one measured up. No one proved worthy of his love or attention.
Echo was a mountain nymph with a gift for gab!
Zeus, the king of all the gods, had a thing for nymphs and would make a point of visiting them often. One day with his wife Hera, the Goddess of marriage, hot on his trail about to bust him and discover proof of his shenanigans, Zeus orders Echo to distract Hera so that he could make his get away. Echo does as commanded and distracts Hera with endless chit-chat!
When Hera learns of Echo's collusion with Zeus, she curses Echo by taking...
The label narcissist is used in reference to a person displaying narcissistic traits. The medical diagnosis is actually Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD). To meet this diagnosis it is necessary that a person meet at least 5 of 9 criteria.
According to the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, Fifth Addition (DSM 5) NPD is defined as a Cluster B personality disorder comprising of a on going pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), a constant need for admiration, and a lack of empathy, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by the presence of at least 5 of the following 9 criteria:
A grandiose sense of self-importance
A preoccupation with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love
A belief that he or she is special and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people or institutions